The island of Irian Jaya ( Papua ) lies at 0° 19' - 10° 45' south latitudes and 130°45' - 141°48' north attitudes. It is facing Pacific Ocean on the north, Papua New Guinea on the east, Arafuru sea and Indonesia Ocean on the South. To the West, it is neighbor to Maluku Islands.
Geographically Irian Jaya varies from one place to other. from glacier - covered mountain and deep cliff down to formidably steep and rugged valleys. from many types of forest to freshwater swamps, plains and torrid mangroves swamps on the south coast. At the central part mountains tower across the island from east to west such as Mt, Trikora (4.750 m). Mt. Mandala (4.760 m), Mt.yamin(4.595 m) and the tallest is Puncak Jaya or peak Carstenz at official height of 4.884 meters. At the south and southwestern part of the island almost all are smapy with mangrove and Tropical rain forest. These areas live the Asmat, Citak Mitak, Korowai and Kombai tribesmen in primitive fashion. the highlands of up to 2000 meters are inhabited by the Dany, Lany, Yali, Amungme and other related tribesmen
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